New Kiev – Crimea high-speed rail line

High-speed rail line Kiev - CrimeaThis Kiev – Crimea high-speed rail line (HSL) is part of a series of proposals. Read the introduction: high-speed rail in the Ukraine. Alignments are not given in detail.

Map: the line in relation to the existing network, base map from Ukrainian Railways

There have been proposals in the past, for a Kiev – Uman – Odessa HSL, following the M05 / E95 road. The proposal here shares that route to Uman. South of Uman, it would create a completely new route towards the Crimea via Pervomaisk. From Mykolaiv, the HSL would follow the existing (single-track) line into the Crimean peninsula, with a cut-off line to Simferopol. At present, a journey along this route would require long detours, and changes of train at junction stations.

The HSL would start in Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, population almost 3 million). The existing alignment south-west to Fastiv is indirect, so the best option is to join the E95 alignment in the city itself. The line could start just south of the main station, with a 7-km tunnel to the E95, near the ring road. The route out of Kiev would be shared with the proposed HSL to Vinnytsia and Odessa.

South of Kiev, the line would only approximately follow the E95. The terrain rises gradually to about 300 m, as the line crosses the Dnieper Upland: incised valleys are the only topographic obstacle.

About 80 km from Kiev is Bila Tserkva (Бiла Церква, population 205 000). The large station is aligned east-west, but the HSL could run through it.

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High-speed rail line Kiev - Crimea

South of Bila Tserkva, the HSL would more closely follow the M05 / E95 south to Uman: this section would be about 130 km long. At Uman (Умань, population 88 000), the E95 passes the eastern outskirts of the city. The HSL station could be located at the northern motorway junction, about 4 km from city centre. At present, Uman is the terminus of a local single-track non-electric line: the station is south-west of the centre. Extension to the HSL station would require a detour around the city, or a tunnel: it is not considered further here.

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High-speed rail line Kiev - Crimea

South of Uman, the Crimea HSL would turn away from the E95 (an Odessa HSL would continue southwards alongside it). At Pervomaisk, the HSL would leave the Dnieper Upland, and then follow the Southern Bug river south-eastwards. The Uman – Pervomaisk section would be about 105 km long.

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High-speed rail line Kiev - Crimea

Pervomaisk (Первома́йськ, population 67 000) is at present on an east-west rail line: journeys north or south require long detours. The station itself is also aligned east-west, in a bend of the river. To avoid crossing the river twice, the HSL would cross the river outside the town, to a new station on its southern edge.

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High-speed rail line Kiev - Crimea

The line would then run 65 km south-east to Voznesensk, crossing the river again south of Oleksandrivka. In Voznesensk (Вознесенськ, population 42 000), the HSL can follow the existing alignment, through the wide station zone. A HSL station here, would allow interchange with the Smila – Odesa line.

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High-speed rail line Kiev - Crimea

After Voznesensk station, the HSL would cross the Southern Bug, and climb an 80-m escarpment. It would then parallel the river, on the western side, for about 85 km. About 10 km west of Mykolaiv, the new line from Kiev would join the proposed high-speed rail line from Odessa. The shared line would cross the Southern Bug estuary in a 4-km tunnel, into Mykolaiv (Миколаїв, population 505 000).

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High-speed rail line Kiev - Crimea

From Mykolaiv, trains would use the proposed Odessa – Rostov HSL as far as Kherson. That HSL would generally follow the existing rail line, over the 65-km section.

At Kherson (Херсон, Cherson, population 312 000), the lines would diverge again. Kherson station is aligned east-west, and the Rostov HSL would run east on a new alignment. The Crimea HSL would use that exit line for 15 km, and then turn south-east across the river Dnieper, near the existing rail bridge.

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High-speed rail line Kiev - Crimea, Kherson to Perekop

The HSL would now run alongside the existing single-track line, across the flat Pontian steppe. About 135 km from Kherson, the HSL would cross the Isthmus of Perekop, onto the Crimean peninsula. The existing line continues south-east, to join the main Moscow – Crimea line at Dzhankoy. The new HSL would need a cut-off line, avoiding Dzhankoy, and creating a shorter route to Simferopol. It would run south from Krasnoperekopsk (Красноперекопськ, population 31 000), at the base of the Perekop Isthmus.

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High-speed rail line Kiev - Crimea

The new alignment would be about 95-100 km long. The Perekop Isthmus is just above sea level: the line would climb slowly across the plain (to 230 m at Simferopol). At Hvardiis’ke, the line would join the Kharkiv – Crimea high-speed line.

It is another 20 km, from there to Simferopol (Сімферополь, population 360 000). Located in the foothills of the Crimean Mountains, this is the main transport interchange for the Black Sea resorts. Some trains could continue to Sevastopol, on the proposed Crimea HSL.

The whole line would be 800 km long, Kiev to Simferopol. With 7 intermediate stations on a new and operationally separate high-speed line, an end-to-end journey time of 4 hours is certainly feasible.

New Kiev – Crimea high-speed rail line

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